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St.John's wort

 

St. John's Wort

Hypericum perforatum L., (Hypericaceae)

Greek: Βαλσαμόχορτο, Σπαθόχορτο Balsamochorto, Spathochorto

The common name in greek means the grass that heals and comes from the word balm (remedy).

Perennial, height 20-80 cm. The leaves and flowers have cells containing the substance hypericin, which is responsible for the red color of its ectract in oil. The flowering begins in June and can last up to two months. To be harvested the flowers and leaves of the plant in the stage of flowering.

It is purely a medicinal plant. The drug is used as raw material by the industry to prepare various formulations for the treatment of mild depression, due to some biologically active substances, mainly hypericin and pseudohypericin.

This herb finds many applications in popular medicine as healing of wounds and burns in the form of extract in olive oil (valsamolado spatholado). It has beneficial properties for the skin, helps to relaxation and sleep.

The use of the herb as decoction drug for therapeutic purposes should be done with great care and should not be used in infants and children.

The plant in contaminated soil or atmosphere gathers many heavy metals, so collectors of native should avoid the collection from contaminated areas, such as the edges of highways.












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